The Baez Law Firm | San Antonio Lawyers and Attorneys

The Baez Law Firm | San Antonio Lawyers and Attorneys
San Antonio Lawyers and Attorneys

Wednesday, November 23, 2011

Release of our new Android Application

November 21, 2011

Download our Free Accient App

Accidents happen when you least expect them. Do you and your family know what
to do at the scene of an accident to protect your rights? Most people answer no! We want you to be prepared before an accident takes place. That is why The Baez Law Firm is bringing you the Accident Tool App for your Android smart phone. And the Accident Tool App is FREE. People in San Antonio can use this application in the event of an accident to preserve all the required evidence that will help them on their case. Our San Antonio lawyers are here to give you free legal advise in the event of an accident.

Features of the free Accident Tool App

* Know what to do at the scene of the accident
* Record all pertinent accident information
* Take Photos
* Take witness statements
* Get Map Locations
* Gather Weather infomation
* Free Case Evaluation

Visit us:

The Baez Law Firm
San Antonio Lawyers
Cheap Texas Divorce
Android Application

Wednesday, November 2, 2011

The Texas Board of Nursing, another way to protect Texas Doctors

There is already plenty of controversy in Texas about suing doctors in the medical malpractice arena. Hospitals in Texas are now using the Board of Nursing and the Nursing Practice Act to minimize their exposure/liability and blame nurses rather than the doctors who improperly treated the patients where deviations of the standard of care are apparent. This is how they do it:

Hospital A receives a Patient that has HIV. The receiving ER doctor learns of the HIV and decides to make the Patient a DNR, since its only a matter of time before the Patient dies (insurance companies only pay for certain amounts, procedures and things for HIV patients). In the mean time, the Patient has chest pains and an EKG reveals that a possible MI is in the making. The ER doctor does not treat the heart attack but orders a consultation with another doctor. The Nurse tells the doctor that the Patient is complaining of chest pains and shows the doctor the EKG. The doctor does not want to treat the HIV patient, rules out a possible MI on the EKG itself and tells the Nurse that the Patient is a drug seeker anyways. Three Hours later the Patient is transfer to the ICU for pneumonia and dies at the ICU while in the care of another doctor five hours after arrival. Cause of death, MI. No expensive drugs are given for the MI and no other treatment was selected by the doctors.

The hospital realizes this, and launches a bogus investigation to get the "Root Cause" analysis simply to see how they can protect their assets (the doctors) who make them the money. The hospital sees that the nurse did not do a procedure (which was not ordered by the doctor nor paid for by the insurance anyways) but decides to fire the nurse and report her to the Texas Board of Nursing. The hospital produces falsified records and documents to the Board, the nurse has an informal hearing but the Board is only concerned about the procedure that the Nurse did not do which was not ordered. The Board hears all the evidence of how the Nurse acted as any other prudent nurse would act under the same or similar circumstances, but the Board did not want to hear that. Case close, Nurse is reprimanded, Doctor is safe and the Hospital wins since it was the nurse, and not the doctor, who deviated from the Standard of Care. Since hospitals will not defend nurses that are not working for them, the nurse is exposed, the Patient is death, insurance wins, hospital is free as a bird.

The Texas Board of Nursing is a governmental agency that is very nice and does not look like a public office at all. The floors are hard wood floors with very nice paintings and equipment. The nurse wondered: who provided the funds for the upgrades to this governmental offices. Insurance companies? Hospitals? Doctors? The public? It would be interesting to find out!!!

Thursday, September 15, 2011

Insurance companies already using the new law. ONLY IN TEXAS!!!

Insurance companies have long protected their interest, not the interest of injured victims. In Texas, tort (deform) has nothing but crippled the ability of a plaintiff to bring a case into court. It has also fattened the already big pocket of insurance companies. "The moral of the story is this: If you have a claim against a big corporation, take whatever it offers, because if you dare to take them to a jury, you risk your economic life." ONLY IN TEXAS!!!

In 2003, the last major tort reform legislation mandated that plaintiffs who rejected settlement offers and win a jury verdict must receive a judgment award of at least 80% of the offer; otherwise, they are responsible for paying legal fees for the losing defendant from the date they refuse the settlement offer. ONLY IN TEXAS!!!

This existing provision is already a powerful weapon, and already in use in the legal arsenal of deep-pocket defendants such as insurance companies and corporations, since plaintiffs would be tempted to accept low-ball settlements rather than risk receiving nothing. ONLY IN TEXAS!!!

The playing field in Texas is already sharply tilted in favor of the defendants. The wrongdoers can and will continue doing wrong but now, they will threaten Plaintiff into accepting low offers simply because they can. ONLY IN TEXAS!!!

Allstate has already called our law firm indicating that "we better accept this offer," or else, don't you know the law? What a shame! ONLY IN TEXAS!!!

Friday, August 26, 2011

Can a cop abuse his power?

In order to prevail in Federal Court against unethical, immoral or even abusive cops, you have to prove that an action occurred while the cop was acting "under color of law." This is particularly true when a cop uses his position of authority to obtain sexual pleasure against innocent civilians.

In Texas, many cops use that position of authority but get away with sexually assaulting civilians because their police departments will say that "the cops were not acting under color of law," since the police department did not hire them to have sex while on duty and because of "qualified immunity." Case close. Victory for the crooked cop...Not so fast!

The Fifth Circuit recently ruled on a case specifically about the abuse of power by a person clothed with such powers. The case of U.S. v. Dillon, 532 F.3d 379 (5th Cir. 2008) dealt specifically with that issue. A former city attorney used his position of authority to sexually assault women and the city argued that they did not hire the city attorney to have sex but to work as an attorney. The Fifth Circuit saw the confusion and cleared up the mess that Texas once had.

In the finding, the Court reasoned that "An action occurs under color of law, for purpose of statute prohibiting deprivation of civil rights under color of law, when there is misuse of power, possessed by virtue of state law and made possible only because the wrongdoer is clothed with the authority of state law."

The facts of the case were as follows: Defendant, an assistant city attorney (ACA), was acting under color of law when he sexually assaulted two women, as required to support his convictions for depriving the women of their right to bodily integrity under color of law; one woman came to his office to have her traffic tickets fixed and her son released from jail, and, after he placed a call to judge who ultimately paroled the woman's son, defendant proceeded to kiss her and when she resisted he told her that he knew a lot of police officers and that he could have anybody arrested, and the second woman came to defendant's office to receive a drug test so she could have her pending marijuana charge dismissed, but defendant, before sexually assaulting her, told her that nobody would believe her if she reported him because she had a lewd conduct charge on her record, and thereafter warned her not to tell anyone about the assault or he would come after her and her family.

We believe that every person has a right against having anyone, including cops, from violating that person's right to bodily integrity. No person clothed with power should ever use his position of power to obtain sex while on duty. It is wrong and it should be punished.

Our law firm helps people throughout Texas that have been abused by police. You are not alone anymore! Our lawyers will fight for your rights so you don't have to.

Our law firm helps people in all areas of law including family, business, personal injury, bankruptcy appeals, medical malpractice, criminal law, and other areas of law. We also have a divorce website to help the people in Texas that cannot afford a lawyer.

Thursday, August 25, 2011

What do you think?

This email was received through one of our websites: The Baez Law Firm, P.C. San Antonio Lawyers Cheap Texas Divorce We would like to know your opinion.

What are my rights for return of property when a police officer takes my property into custody? Since May of 2011, SAPD is refusing to return my handgun unless I get a court order or get a doctor to tell them to return it to me. I have asked for such in writing on 3 occasions via fax but so far they have ignored my all my written requests as to which procedure I need to follow to regain possession of my property.

Me: I am a home owner in Encino Park, 48 years of age, no criminal history, no history of mental illness... however I am homebound-disabled with MS & Pulmonary Fibrosis. The latter which has rendered me homebound for the most part because humidity and exertion endanger my health and ability to sustain life.

I am the legal owner of the gun and have the documents to verify such, the handgun is registered in my name and was never involved in any crime whatsoever. There is no criminal or misdemeanor case pending surrounding the pistol or myself.

How is it that SAPD can refuse to return my property or place such ridiculous and almost impossible demands for me to comply with regarding the return of my property? Are there current laws that permit SAPD to keep my property from the rightful owner(s) if said property is not being held pending a legal case?

My biggest concern is my safety. My home was burglarized by an unknown party (though XXXXX XXXX has bragged to others about committing the crime when he got out of jail) and there was a burglary of Habitation by an off duty Bexar County Sheriff Officer which was witnessed by me and two other individuals. Being disabled and having to deal with not one but two prior incidents along with many other reported break ins in my area, I depend on my firearm to protect my safety and my home.

Can Police Officers do this?

Monday, July 18, 2011

Rear ended by another driver, Res ipsa is your solution

In Texas, there are hundreds if not thousands of accidents every day. Many of them involve a rear end collision that presumably indicated liability on the person who hit from behind. But why? Our accident lawyers can answer your questions.

Drivers may argue that it was the front driver's inattention that lead him/her to have the accident since the driver in front slammed on the brakes. Our accident attorney has handle this situation many times over.

Res ipsa loquitur- a Latin word that means "the thing speaks for itself." This is an evidentiary rule in torts that the very fact that an accident occurred is enough to provide a prima facie case of negligent behavior. Rear ending another vehicle is a perfect example of showing failure to maintain a safe distance on the part of the rear-ender, regardless of the conditions.

Many times the insurance company for the rear-ender will argue this point, but with no success. Our accident lawyer will remain the insurance company of this rule time and time again.

Our accident attorneys will fight for your rights in court. We have helped thousands of individuals in Texas when they are injured by a rear end collision. Insurance companies have their legal team, and so should you!

Monday, July 11, 2011

Charged with Murder in Texas? Our lawyers can help!

Even though we are personal injury lawyers and attorneys, accident lawyers, accident attorneys, our general practice law firm also handles criminal defense; thus this posting.

Like Florida, Texas juries find themselves in the middle of murder trials. Jurors are required to give value and weight the evidence. Like Florida, a persons needs to be convicted with evidence beyond reasonable doubt. That means that, if the evidence is not strong enough, and doubt exist, a jury must acquit.

Many people get upset when cases, like Casey Anthony, are found Not Guilty. A sense of failure of justice is shared amongst many. However, we have said that this is the way that our legal system was meant to work. The jurors in this case got it right!

When prosecutors have no direct evidence, many times they create this phantom story that some times jurors buy and innocent people get convicted. Our legal system was created so that, not one single innocent person goes to jail; but because of the tenacity of prosecutors, and inefficiency of some defense lawyers, jurors get it confused.

We have represented the wrongfully accused in Texas and will continue to do this. We believe in the constitution and every one deserves a fair and impartial jury. Let us help you with your criminal defense.

Tuesday, July 5, 2011

Congratulations to Jose Baez of The Baez Law Firm in Florida!

Jose Baez and his legal team has shown the world that juries still get it right. Let this be a day to remember where the constitution, once again, has been honored by those who swore to follow it.

Although we loved the phone calls, emails, and others regarding the case while it was pending and even after, we are not the attorneys that represented Casey Anthony nor are we related in any way shape of form to The Baez Law Firm in Florida.

The Baez Law Firm, P.C. does handle criminal defense cases in Texas but not in Florida. Again, our congratulations for a job well done to Jose Baez and his legal team in Florida.

Tuesday, May 17, 2011

How to obtain a judgment on the Pleadings in Federal Court

Our Law Firm has been representing victims of police violence in Federal Court with great success. Many times, our lawyers obtain judgments on the pleadings before going to a trial.

Our San Antonio Lawyers are here to help the victims of police brutality, specially when the victim is dead. Bellow is an example of pleading filed in Federal Court to help practitioners obtain a judgment on the pleadings pursuant the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.



NOW COME Plaintiffs, Movants herein, and request the Court to enter Judgment on the Pleadings in favor of Movants on the claims set forth herein, and against Defendants (hereinafter Non-Movants), and in support thereof, show the Court the following:

After the pleadings are closed but within such time as not to delay the trial, any party my move for judgment on the pleadings. Federal Rules of Civil Procedure 12(c).The standard for deciding a Rule 12(c) motion is the same as a Rule 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss.

The court "accepts all well-pleaded facts as true, viewing them in the light most favorable to the plaintiff." In re Katrina Canal Breaches Litig., 495 F.3d 191, 205 (5th Cir. 2007), petition for cert. filed, (U.S. Nov. 26, 2007) (No. 07-713).

The plaintiff must plead "enough facts to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face." Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, - U.S. -, 127 S.Ct. 1955, 1974 (2007).

"Factual allegations must be enough to raise a right to relief above the speculative level, on the assumption that all the allegations in the complaint are true (even if doubtful in fact). Id. at 1965.

Averments in a pleading which a responsive pleasing is required, other than those as to the amount of damage, are admitted when not denied in the responsive pleading. Federal Rules of Civil Procedure 8(d).

When the facts of the case are such that a judgment on the pleadings can be obtain, practitioners need to be aware of them.

If you, or someone you know has been a victim of police brutality, give us a call at (210) 979-9777. We care about your legal needs!

Tuesday, May 3, 2011

How to petition for damages in a personal injury case

Our law firm has represented hundreds of cases for personal injury in Texas and the San Antonio area. Although each case is unique, the vast majority can be proven with the same efficiency, so long as some parameters are put in place.

This blog is intended to help those practitioners to have the tools needed to successfully litigate a personal injury case. Remember to always "humanize" your client.

As a direct and proximate result of the occurrence made the basis of this lawsuit, and Defendants' acts as described herein, Plaintiff was caused to suffer severe medical trauma damages more fully set forth below.

As a direct and proximate result of the occurrence made the basis of this lawsuit, Plaintiff, has incurred the following damages:

A. Reasonable medical care and expenses. These expenses were incurred by Plaintiffs, for the necessary care and treatment of the injuries resulting from the accident complained of herein and such charges are reasonable and were usual and customary charges for such services in Bexar County, Texas;

B. Reasonable and necessary medical care and expenses which will, in all reasonable probability, be incurred in the future;

C. Physical pain and suffering in the past;

D. Physical pain and suffering in the future; and

E. Mental anguish in the future;

F. Physical impairment which, in all reasonable probability, will be suffered in the future;

G. Cost of medical monitoring and prevention in the future.

By reason of the above, Plaintiff, has suffered losses and damages in a sum within the jurisdictional limits of the Court and for which this lawsuit is brought.

PRAYER WHEREFORE, PREMISES CONSIDERED, Plaintiff, respectfully prays that the Defendants be cited to appear and answer herein, and that upon a final hearing of the cause, judgment be entered for the Plaintiff against Defendants, jointly and severally, for damages in an amount within the jurisdictional limits of the Court; exemplary damages, as addressed to each Defendant per Section 41.006, Chapter 41, Texas Civil Practice and Remedies Code, , excluding interest, and as allowed by Sec. 41.008, Chapter 41, Texas Civil Practice and Remedies Code; together with pre-judgment interest (from the date of injury through the date of judgment) at the maximum rate allowed by law; post-judgment interest at the legal rate, costs of court; and such other and further relief to which the Plaintiff may be entitled at law or in equity.

We hope this has been helpful to practitioners. You can change, add or subtract on your petition as necessary, so that it fits your case when you are filing with court. Good luck, and happy litigating.

If you need a lawyer in san antonio for your personal injury case, give us a call (210) 979-9777 or visit our website: The Baez Law Firm, P.C.

Tuesday, April 12, 2011

How to object to a recommendation by a Magistrate Judge in District Court

Our Law Firm has objected on numerous occasion the recommendation given by Magistrate Judges to the District Judges during the litigation of our cases. Bellow, is one of such objections for our readers perusal.

The recommendation that Defendant's claims against him on his official capacity and individual capacity should be dismiss are not based on precedent. In Kentucky v. Graham, 473 U.S. 159, 105 S.Ct. 3099, 87 L.Ed.2d 114 (1985), the Court sought to eliminate lingering confusion about the distinction between personal- and official-capacity suits. The Court emphasized that official-capacity suits generally represent only another way of pleading an action against an entity of which an officer is an agent. Id., at 165, 105 S.Ct., at 3104 (quoting Monell v. New York City Dept. of Social Services, 436 U.S. 658, 690, n. 55, 98 S.Ct. 2018, 2035, n. 55, 56 L.Ed.2d 611 (1978)). Suits against state officials in their official capacity therefore should be treated (emphasis added) as suits against the State. 473 U.S., at 166, 105 S.Ct., at 3105. Though the Judge relied on Monell for the recommendation to dismiss the Defendant in the instant suit in his official and individual capacity, nowhere in Monell did the Court suggest that the claim against the individual defendant be dismissed in a 12(b)(6) motion.

Indeed, when officials sued in this capacity in Federal court die or leave office, their successors automatically assume their roles in the litigation. See Fed.Rule Civ.Proc. 25(d)(1); Fed.Rule App.Proc. 43(c)(1). The action is not dismissed, it continues.

Because the real party in interest in an official-capacity suit is the governmental entity and not the named official, the entity's policy or custom must have played a part in the violation of federal law. Graham, supra, at 166, 105 S.Ct., at 3105 (quoting Monell, supra, 436 U.S., at 694, 98 S.Ct., at 2037). Plaintiff plead facts in her amended complaint sufficiently to indicate that the Defendant, as the lead officer in his department played a part in carrying out the policies or customs that led to Plaintiff’s rape.

For the same reason, the only immunities available to the defendant Defendant in an official-capacity action are those that the governmental entity possesses. 473 U.S., at 167, 105 S.Ct., at 3105. This is found in Hafer v. Melo, 502 U.S. 21, 25, 112 S. Ct. 358, 361-362, 116 L. Ed. 2d 301 (1991). The language does not suggest that once a claim is filled against an individual in his official capacity, the claims against the official capacity individual should be dismissed.

The phrase, “Acting in their official capacities” is best understood as a reference to the capacity in which the State officer is sued, not the capacity in which the officer inflicts the alleged injury. Hafer at 26.

Like Hafer, Plaintiff is seeking redress for of constitutional rights, privileges and immunities by an official's abuse of his position, including the actions and omissions of Defendant. The Defendant and its’ policies and/or customs played a part in causing the rape and alleged damages which Plaintiff believes is a violation of federal law. But for Defendant's failure to implement a policy to prevent Deputies from terrorizing individuals of the different sex, Plaintiff would not have suffered a rape. The current policy in place, ratified, directed, and enforced by Defendant, allows officers of opposite sex to take advantage of defenseless individuals such as Plaintiff.

Through §1983, Congress sought to give a remedy to parties deprived of constitutional rights, privileges and immunities by an official's abuse of his position. Monroe v. Pape, 365 U.S. 167, 172, 81 S.Ct. 473, 476, 5 L.Ed.2d 492 (1961). Accordingly, it authorized suits to redress deprivations of civil rights by persons acting under color of any [state] statute, ordinance, regulation, custom, or usage. 42 U.S.C. § 1983. In their findings, the Court stated “the requirement of action under color of state law means that Hafer may be liable for discharging respondents precisely because of her authority as auditor general.” The Court ruled that “We cannot accept the novel proposition that this same official authority insulates Hafer from suit.” Hafer at 27-28. This is quite the opposite of what Judge recommended. In essence, Judge insulated Defendant from suit based on official authority, not on his official actions.

Conversely, Judge found that “She does specifically allege that Defendant, through his intentional acts of malfeasance, omissions, neglect, and failure to select, train, supervise, discipline, remove and prosecute his subordinate deputies, deprived Cerda of her constitutional rights under the Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Eight and Fourteenth Amendments of the Constitution of the United States and under 42 USC § 1981, 1983 and 1985(3).” Recommendations p.14; It is his overall responsibility to supervise and train his deputies and the policy he ratified, directed and enforced to allow unsupervised opposite sex arrests, proximately caused the instant constitutional violations. However, Judge recommendations Dismisses the Defendant in both individual and official capacity. Judge is requiring a higher standard for Plaintiff pleading her case beyond that which is required by precedent. A Federal court may not apply heightened pleading standard, more stringent than usual pleading requirements of civil rule, in civil rights cases alleging municipal liability under 42 U.S.C.A., §1983; Fed.Rules Civ.Proc., Rules 8(a)(2), 9(b), 28 U.S.C.A. Leatherman v. Tarrant County Narcotics Intelligence & Coordination Unit, 507 U.S. 163, 113 S. Ct. 1160, 122 L. Ed. 2d 517 (1993).

In Leatherman, the Supreme Court stated “We think that it is impossible to square the heightened pleading standard applied by the Fifth Circuit in this case with the liberal system of notice pleading set up by the Federal Rules. Rule 8(a)(2) requires that a complaint include only a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief. In Conley v. Gibson, 355 U.S. 41, 78 S.Ct. 99, 2 L.Ed.2d 80 (1957), we said in effect that the Rule meant what it said:”
“The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure do not require a claimant to set out in detail the facts upon which he bases his claim. To the contrary, all the Rules require is a short and plain statement of the claim that will give the defendant fair notice of what the plaintiff's claim is and the grounds upon which it rests.” Id., at 47, 78 S.Ct., at 103, Leatherman at 168.

Rule 9(b) does impose a particularity requirement in two specific instances. It provides that in all averments of fraud or mistake, the circumstances constituting fraud or mistake shall be stated with particularity. Thus, the Federal Rules do address in Rule 9(b) the question of the need for greater particularity in pleading certain actions, but do not include among the enumerated actions any reference to complaints alleging municipal liability under § 1983. Expressio unius est exclusio alterius. Id. at 168.

Since Judge found that claims against Defendatn under the Fourth Amendment and under Due Process Clause of the Fourteen Amendment, pursuant § 1983 remain for trial, the same result should be obtained against Defendant. The same averments of facts and causes of action were pleaded for the County and for the Defendant, yet with different results. This dichotomy should only be resolved by keeping both Defendants for claims for § 1983 or by allowing a Rule 7 to be submitted.
The general rule is that there is an extremely high burden before a Court can dismiss pursuant Rule 12(b)(6) because the complaint must be liberally construed and well pleaded factual allegations in the complaint must be accepted as true. Woodard v. Andrus, 419 F.3d 348, 351 (5th Cir. 2005). If the facts, as pleaded are enough to overcome dismissal for the County, the same facts should overcome dismissal for the Defendant.

A motion to dismiss under Rule 12(b)(6) is viewed with disfavor and is rarely granted. Fernandez-Montez v. Allied Pilots Assoc., 987 F.2d 278 (5th Cir. 1993). Conversely, a complaint should not be dismissed for failure to state a claim unless it appears beyond doubt the plaintiffs can prove no set of facts in support of a claim which would entitle them to relief. Conley v. Gibson, 355 U.S. 41, 45-46 (1957). Plaintiff has made averments in her Complaint that should overcome a 12(b)(6) dismissal. Conversely, Plaintiff has requested a Rule 7 to prove some other set of facts in support of her claims. By dismissing the Defendant, she was denied of her right to redress. Plaintiff is attempting to have a change in the policy and custom of the Defendants that allow deputies too much power and no supervision.

Our San Antonio Lawyers will fight for your rights in court all the time.

Thursday, April 7, 2011

12 (b)(6) Motions in Federal Court under Fourth Amendment

Our Law Firm has represented numerous clients in Federal Court with their Civil Rights case. We have consistently shown that the facts of the case are more important that precedent since it is those facts that changes the precedent.

Many time, our lawyers have been faced with 12(b)(6) motions in Federal Court and our response has been facts driven rather than law driven. An example of such is given herein for our readers perusal.

Public officials acting within the scope of their official duties are shielded from civil liability by the doctrine of qualified immunity. Harlow v. Fitzgerald, 457 U.S. 800, 815-19 (1982). Qualified immunity “serves to shield a governmental official from civil liability for damages based upon performance of discretionary functions if the official’s acts were objectively reasonable in light of then clearly established law.” Thompson v. Upshur County, Tex., 245 F3d 447, 456 (5th Cir. 2001). A “defendant’s acts are . . . objectively reasonable unless all reasonable officials in the defendant’s circumstances would have then known that the defendant’s conduct violated the United States Constitution or the federal statute as alleged by the plaintiff.” Id at 457.

An excessive-use-of-force claim requires a plaintiff to prove 1) an injury, which 2) resulted directly and solely form the use of force that was clearly excessive to the need, and the excursiveness of which was 3) objectively unreasonable. Ikerd v. Blair, 101 F.3d 430, 433-34 (5th Cir. 1996). This determination “requires careful attention to the facts and circumstances of each particular case, including the severity of the crime at issue, whether the suspect poses an immediate threat to the safety of the officers or others, and whether he is actively resisting arrest or attempting to evade arrest by flight.” Graham v. Connor, 490 U.S. 396 (1989).

In Iderd, plaintiffs brought a 1983 action on behalf of their children claiming that a police officer used excessive force against the child during an arrest of her father. Iderd, 101 F.3d at 432. During the arrest, the police officer jerked the child out of her chair and dragged her into the kitchen, which resulted in her re-injuring a broken arm. Id. In determining the first and second elements required to establish an excessive force claim, the court maintained that “the extent of the injury suffered by a plaintiff is one factor that may suggest whether the use of force was excessive in a particular situation.” Id. at 434. In analyzing the third element, the court reasoned that “in gauging the objective reasonableness of the force used by a law enforcement officer, we must balance the amount of force used against the need for that force.” Id. In overruling the district court’s judgment as a matter of law for the officer, the Fifth Circuit held that the evidence presented as sufficient for a reasonable jury to conclude that the officer used objectively unreasonable force against the plaintiff. Id. at 435.

In Meaux v. Williams, 113 Fed. Appx. 593, 595 (5th Cir. 2004), the Fifth Circuit reversed the district court’s grant of summary judgment, holding that a genuine issue of material fact existed as to whether the police officer used excessive force when arresting the plaintiff. Id. at 594. Meaux alleged that when he answered the door, he was pulled out of his house and handcuffed.

In Heflin v. Town of Warrenton, 944 F.Supp. 472 (E.D.Va. 1996) the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia overruled defendant’s motion to dismiss a 1983 excessive force claim. After a domestic disturbance between brothers, several police officers responded to a residence and arrested several family members. Id. at 473. While effectuating the arrest, the police officers allegedly used excessive force against the plaintiff when he “proceeded to drag Heflin, by the handcuffs, up the concrete steps to the parking lot. In the course of this, Heflin suffered abrasions to his stomach and face, for which he subsequently sought medical treatment.” Id. at 474.

In Harper v. Harris County, Texas, 21 F.3d 597, 599 (5th Cir. 1994) the Fifth Circuit concluded that allegations that an officer grabbed plaintiff by the throat and bruised knee, were sufficient to withstand a summary judgment seeking dismissal of an excessive force claim. In Harper, the Fifth Circuit applied the test of excessive force in effect prior to the Supreme Court case of Hudson v. McMillian, 503 U.S. 1 (1992), which eradicated the requirement of showing “significant” injury in order to prove an excessive force claim. Id. at 601.

Local Rule CV-12 provides, in pertinent part, that “. . . the opposing party shall have eleven days from the date the motion to dismiss is served on the opposing party, to file a response and to specify what, if any, discovery is necessary to determine the issue(s) of qualified immunity and the time period necessary for the specific discovery. Discovery needs to be conducted to see whether a good faith “qualified immunity” exist and whether the Officer Defendants acted reasonably under the circumstances in injuring a two year old child and a disabled veteran based on a “loud noise” dispatch. Plaintiffs should be allowed to obtain the video tape of the incident so they may investigate as to what threat, if any, was posed by Plaintiffs (especially the child) that caused the Officer Defendants to use excessive force. Plaintiffs would also need to depose the Officer Defendants, which can be done within 90 days, from the time the court order discovery.

Officer Defendants argue that the filling of a suit against a governmental entity pursuant to the Texas Tort Claims Act (“TTCA”) creates an irrevocable election and forever bars suit against any government employees in their individual capacity regarding the same subject matter. TEX. CIV. PRAC. & REM. CODE § 101.106(a). They argue that, if a suit is filed pursuant the TTCA against a government unit and any of its employees, the employees are entitled to immediate dismissal upon the filing of a motion by the government unit. Id. However, the Fifth Circuit recently rejected the Officers’ section 101.106 argument because the TTCA does not apply to intentional torts. Meadours v. Ermel, 483 F.3d 417 (5th Cir. 2007). The court concluded that section 101.106 cannot be construed as a statutory bar to intentional tort claims.

In most cases, an expert is not needed to bring a case in Federal Court for violations of the Fourth Amendment but sometimes is necessary if the Plaintiff is seeking to bring Municipalities into the suit.

Do you have a civil rights violation and do not know how to handle it, give us a call (210) 979-9777. Our lawyers are here to help you!

Monday, March 14, 2011

A check from an insurance company Returned for Non Sufficient Funds

Our law firm handles thousands of personal injury claims with multiple insurance companies on behalf of our clients. Recently, we had a claim settled with Old American County Mutual Fire Insurance Co. on a personal injury case and guess what, their check bounced. We received notice from our IOLTA account that their check was "Returned Reason-Not Sufficient Funds!!!!

This creates serious problems: 1)the money is not ours to begin with 2)the clients want their money 3) the law firm is placed on a predicament because of this insurance company 4) the insurance company is not honoring their commitments. What are we to do?

Rather than filling suit against the insurance company or even contacting the District Attorney's Office for help (since the amount is way above the felony amounts) we are writing this entry for several reasons.

First, to let the public know that it happens. Second, to solicit further information from fellow attorneys and law firms on cases such as this; to make a determination if this is a common practice or an isolated case. Finally, to appeal to American County Mutual to make it right for our clients.

We have called, the insurance company but their automated system always says "all of our agents are busy now, please leave your name, number and we will call you as soon as possible." We are still waiting.

Our clients are hard working individuals that lives have been affected by the negligence of some one, and now, by the irresponsibility of an insurance company. We call that a "double whammy." This should never happen to any one! We are writing this because, we care about your legal needs!!!

Wednesday, February 9, 2011

Say no to the marijuana drinks!

Marijuana in a soda form is getting popularity throughout Texas.This blog is to help consumers and parents to be alert of the new fetish.

A marijuana soda is creating a buzz here in Texas. With names like "Orange Kush" and "Canna Cola," these soda pops don't just appeal to the sweet tooth -- they are infused with marijuana.

You won't be able to find these drinks on San Antonio shelves, but the company Canna Cola hopes to crank out another version for non-marijuana medical consumers.

As responsible Texans, we all need to say no to this drinks.

Here is the link to the video:

Tuesday, January 25, 2011

Do you have to tell your insurance company?

In Texas, insurance companies have ways to get out of having to pay for the accident caused by their insured. This is so because, the insured has an affirmative duty to inform "or give notice" to the insurance company about potential exposure to liability.

For example, we represented an injured person and won at the trial. The insurance company filed an appeal, we won that too, yet, the insurance gets another bite at the apple when now, they are claiming that, the insured never gave them "notice." I guess they forgot that they filed the appeal.

This is just an example of how insurance companies used their power (money) to get out of paying for their responsibilities. This is why they are rich, and we are not! If you have a problem with your insurance company, give us a call (210) 979-9777 or visit our websites: or

Thursday, January 20, 2011

What to do when you have an accident

Many people are not aware of what to do when they have an accident. Fortunately, many of you will never have to do deal with this situation; however, if you do, then you should know what to do. When a person causes an accident or when the person is not responsible for the accident, the actions taken at the scene should be the same.

First, check to see if any one is injured. If a person is injured, call an ambulance. This is important because a life could be at risk, and the prompt actions of person could be the difference between life and death. Next, make sure there is no more potential for further accidents. If the scene is unsafe, call the police and wait for their instructions. If the scene is safe, then exchange insurance information.

Next, gather names and phone numbers of witnesses. Many people forget this step and that is the difference on the determination of liability. If possible, take pictures of the accident. This could help you later on in the case.

Finally, call your insurance company and take directions from them.

NEVER admit to any liability at the scene. This is when many people go wrong. It is not the job of the people involved in the accident to determine liability, that is the job for the insurance adjuster.

If you, or some one you love has been injured in an accident, give us a call (210) 979-9777. You can visit our websites at: The Baez Law Firm, P.C. or San Antonio Lawyers.

Thursday, January 6, 2011

What is a "police brutality" case?

Depending on which side of the spectrum (political, social, economical) you are in, you may either believe that there is no police brutality in Texas or yes there is. The Baez Law Firm has been fighting for injured Texans as a result of police brutality for some time, and so, we believe that there is way too much brutality!

42 U.S.C § 1983 is the main source of law when police brutality is at issue. The statute states: "Every person who, under color of any statute, ordinance, regulation, custom, or usage, of any State or Territory or the District of Columbia, subjects, or causes to be subjected, any citizen of the United States or other person within the jurisdiction thereof to the deprivation of any rights, privileges, or immunities secured by the Constitution and laws, shall be liable to the party injured in an action at law, suit in equity, or other proper proceeding for redress, except that in any action brought against a judicial officer for an act or omission taken in such officer’s judicial capacity, injunctive relief shall not be granted unless a declaratory decree was violated or declaratory relief was unavailable."

Based on this law, our law firm has successfully litigated numerous "police brutality" cases in Texas. If you or some one you love has been a victim of police brutality, give us a call (210) 979-9777.

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San Antonio, Texas, United States
Find Personal Injury Trial Lawyers that will treat you with dignity and respect. The Baez Law Firm, P.C. is dedicated to help those less fortunate. Our San Antonio Lawyers also handle family law, criminal defense, business law, immigration, social security disability, patent law, trade marks and much more. We are professionals that care about your legal needs. Our motto is simple: “Minimizing Legal Worries!”℠ Visit us at or call us (210) 979-9777. Have a blessed day!

Welcome to The Báez Law Firm, P.C.

1100 NW Loop 410, Suite 500
San Antonio, Texas 78213
Tel. (210) 979-9777
Fax. (210) 979-9774


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